The top rate of Income Tax is 45%?

Named the additional rate, the highest rate of Income Tax is 45%, and some might say 45% is high enough.

However, if the rate of tax is measured as the relationship between income and tax plus tax related penalties paid, there are times when this 45% can rise, to as much as 90%.

For example, if HMRC discovers that a taxpayer has been negligent in declaring all their income for tax purposes, they can charge a penalty. This can be as much as 100% of the tax due – effectively this doubles the rate of tax charged. And so, if you are paying tax on under-declared income at 45%, and if a 100% penalty is levied, the effective rate of tax charged is 90% of the income declared.

Whilst this may be an extreme example, consider taxpayers whose income exceeds £100,000. For the tax year 2018-19, for every £2 your income exceeds £100,000 you lose £1 of your tax personal allowance. This means that taxable income between £100,000 and £123,700 is taxed at an effective rate of 60%.

All is not what it seems.

Latest Blog
19
May

Flexible planning

If we lived in a world where the factors that affected trade and other commercial act...

Read More
17
May

New Bill protects consumers access to cash

The new Financial Services and Markets Bill, announced during the recent Queen’...

Read More
12
May

Saving for a rainy day

The more draconian government interventions introduced to control the COVID outbreak ...

Read More
11
May

Elastic or inelastic?

Would demand for the products or services you sell vary with price increases or decre...

Read More